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Albaha University Journal of Human Sciences (BUJHS)

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Albaha University Journal of Human Sciences (BUJHS)


Receiving research is closed.

Al-Baha University Scientific Journal for Humanities temporarily suspends new research.


Al Baha University Journal of Humanities (BUJH) aspires to be a distinct scientific journal concerned with publishing scientific research and serving the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's overall development goals. It also contributes to enhancing the research capabilities of the academic staff and other members inside the university as well as outside.

Al Baha University Journal for Humanities welcomes the submissions of all researchers whose research fields fall within the journal’s field of interest and invites them to make a distinctive contribution to the production of knowledge in all its forms and trends, which aims to serve the scientific and academic community. The journal invites researchers to contribute to the development of scientific research in a manner appropriate to the continuous scientific and research developments in order to achieve the goals, mission, and vision of the university, as well as the aspirations of the members of the editorial board.

The journal expects the researcher to realize the ethics and objectives of scientific research, as the journal does not accept any research paper that includes any kind of extremism, whether it is directed at an individual, a sect, or a gender. Nor does it accept research papers that carry ideas that oppose intellectual and societal security, or extremist ideas are reinforced or encouraged by a statement or insinuation, and the researcher is responsible for his/her research.

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  • Noha Othman Abdul Majeed Arbab
  • Reseived: 18/9/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 18/2/2024

The research aimed to explore how school principals in the Najran region embody aspects of transformational leadership and its impact in reality on optimizing the emotional and human aspects of both teachers and principals, according to their perspectives. Employing a descriptive analytical method alongside surveys for data collection, the study surveyed a randomly chosen group of 367 female teachers and principals across Najran schools. Findings revealed that principals exhibited transformational leadership traits with a mean score of 4.14 out of 5, indicating a high level of application. Emotional human factors engineering received a higher mean score of 4.56 out of 5. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences based on educational level in favor of those with bachelor’s and diploma qualifications over those with masters and doctoral degrees. However, no significant differences were found based on years of experience, job position, or field of specialization. The study also discovered a strong positive correlation between the practice of transformational leadership and the optimization of emotional human factors, with a correlation coefficient of 0.54. Consequently, the researcher suggests training for female principals on improving interpersonal relationships, ethical adherence, involving teachers in decision-making, enhancing confidence, acceptance of change, and considering personal needs among, and other recommendations.

  • Dr. Haneen Abdullah Mohammed Al-Shanqiti
  • Reseived: 30/9/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 9/3/2024

This research seeks to understand the truth of approval and consideration for Arabic taste and their impact on directing what contradicts the linguistic norms. This includes considerations for the logic of the language and its unique system, which is observed by its speakers and linked to their minds, represented in its practical usage. The study is divided into two parts. In the first, I discuss the concept of linguistic measurement, its relationship with both grammatical and morphological measurements, then its relationship with approval, and with linguistic taste. In the second part, I discuss the reasons for deviating from the norm that are related to considering the taste of the language and approval of the fluent speaker, such as: requesting lightness, considering verbal proportionality, frequent use, and considering the poet's taste within what is called: poetic necessity. The research concluded that the consideration for Arabic approval and linguistic taste was present in the minds of linguists and considered in their derived rules and principles. They did not try to interpret or correct it and return it to the rule, but rather surrounded it with a fence that preserves it as it was heard, and at the same time they did not allow measurement on it, in order to preserve the rule's place and consistency.

  • Dr.Nawaf Ahmad Uthman Hakami
  • Reseived: 12/11/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 14/3/2024

The study is concerned with the found texts of the Book entitled (Succession in Arabic Language) for bin Jeni to define the lost book. Although we could not get it like others, some of its cases, chapters, texts and parts have values. Some grammar and language books discussed these texts. The author explored what can be discussed in the book from different sources. The term of (Succession) is a famous term in Arabic language. While the succession phenomena is discussed in different terms, while the lingual succession is clear on audio, grammatical and morphological level. The scientists talk separately about its cases, questions and examples while they didn’t exceed the audio framework in their studies. Bin Jeni explored it separately to discuss it wholly. He didn’t stop on the audio level like others, he discussed the morphological, grammatical and audio levels. The author divided the research into two parts to discuss succession deeply, while book of (Succession) has its sources, content, value and methodology. The second section is related to what is dictum in the book to be collected and referenced.

  • Dr. Obaid bin Ahmed bin Obaid Al-Maliki
  • Reseived: 17/12/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 14/3/2024

This research addresses the issues to which Al-Tanahi presented his publications, investigations and articles under the title: The Issues of Facilitating and Criticizing Grammar by Mahmoud Al-Tanahi. Its importance originates from the fact that it is new, and the fact that it sheds light on the grammatical direction of a top-tier scholar. In doing so, this research aims to draw a complete picture of the general direction of Al-Tanahi in regard to the trends of grammar study, such as the issue of facilitating grammar, criticism of grammatical thought and addressing grammar in the light of contemporary linguistic approaches. It also presents Al-Tanahi’s ideas regarding the Arabic language crisis, its causes, and the way out of it. This paper makes use of the descriptive analytical method to present and discuss issues, and the comparative approach to highlight the similarities and differences between the direction of Al-Tanahi and that of other contemporary scholars. It concludes that the facilitation of grammar first appeared in the past in abbreviations and systems, and that contemporary scholars addressed it in different ways; some of them, such as Al-Tanahi, approached it in a conservative manner, emphasizing the need to return to the old book, whereas others advocated the renewal of origins, cancelation of some elements and terms or subjecting grammar to modern approaches. The dominance of such approaches on the study of grammar has led the Arabic speaking nations to distance from their heritage, and the effects of this are observed in the decline of graduates of Arabic language faculties. Thus, this paper recommends the establishment of a huge project supervised by linguistic bodies and academies, which rebuilds the grammatical structure, taking advantage of old and contemporary linguistic approaches and leaning on the Qur’anic text, to reach the whole nation. In addition, this paper recommends that the teaching of Arabic be suitable for each educational stage; the pre-university stage focusing on students’ ability to adjust their tongues according to the Arabic language rules, the undergraduate stage focusing on the ability of graduates to teach Arabic properly, and the postgraduate stage taking students to the depths of the language to be able to add onto it.

  • Noura Mohammed Ahmed Al-Juwair
  • Reseived: 11/10/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 15/3/2024

For realizing the dangers posed by cyberterrorism and unavoidably countering and challenging it, this study highlights the importance of Da’wah Discourse for countering cyberterrorism in the light of Charter of Makkah. Study Objectives: This study aims at demonstrating the pivotal role played by Da’wah Discourse for countering cyberterrorism, clarifying its tangible pillars and highlighting the characteristics of discourse. Methodology: This study employed two approaches of scientific research; Inductive Approach and Descriptive Approach. The two approaches were used for studying Da’wah Discourse for countering cyberterrorism according to the Charter of Makkah. Significant Conclusions: - The Da’wah Discourse is outstandingly important for facing the challenges experienced by Islamic nation, notably Cyberterrorism, and the related rapid spread and international security destabilization. - It is necessary for Da’wah Discourse for countering terrorism to ennoble the texts of Holy Qur’an, Prophetic Sunna and Practical Fiqh (Jurisprudence). - According to the Charter of Makkah, Da’wah Discourse is characterized with universality for all life aspects and maintaining the necessary purposes of worldly and religion best interests. - Charter of Makkah called upon addressing the facets of terrorism by promoting the values of moderation and avoidance of extremism.

  • Reseived: 30/11/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 14/3/2024

This jurisprudential research, entitled "Conditions of Leasing Assets and Their Application to Electronic Leasing Contracts: Hotel Leasing as a Model," addressed the concept of the conditions of leasing assets, defined and discussed in general. It also discusses the concept of electronic leasing contracts, then explained the jurisprudential opinion of each condition of leasing assets according to the four schools of Fiqh, and applied each condition to electronic leasing contracts for hotels. The researcher followed a descriptive analytical comparative approach by gathering the conditions of leasing assets from the approved books of each school of Fiqh, presenting the jurisprudential opinions supported by legal references and discussing them, and then applying these conditions to electronic leasing contracts for hotels. The research comes out with the following conclusions: 1- in a unanimous opinion of all Fiqh schools, a lease of an under-age client is not considered legal. As for a smart under-age, its validity has been an issue of dispute among three opinions, with the correct one being the Hanbali’s which states that if it is based on prior permission then it is valid. 2- The lease of property through sight or description is valid according to the Hanafi and Maliki schools; therefore, electronic contracting with hotels is valid. The research recommendations include: 1- Collecting the conditions of leasing in each school of Figh, and explaining their impact based on their different considerations. 2- Researching Fiqh opinions of warranty in electronic leasing contracts.

  • Norah Nasser S Alowayyid
  • Reseived: 18/10/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 22/3/2024

The study aimed to develop a strategy proposal to activate the contribution of the secondary school in the political upbringing of its students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the researcher followed the descriptive survey approach, and the study was applied to teachers and student mentors in secondary schools in the city of Riyadh, the city of Hail, and the city of Abha, through the application of the questionnaire tool, and the interview tool in this methodology, and the tools were applied to a simple random sample of teachers, where their number reached (379) teachers, and (113) student mentors, and the most prominent results of the study were that the school administration contributes to a very large degree to the political upbringing of secondary school students from the point of view of teachers, with an arithmetic average of (4.59 out of 5.00), and that teachers contribute to a very large degree in the political upbringing of secondary school students from the teachers' point of view, with an arithmetic average of (4.78 out of 5.00) as well as classroom activities contribute to a very large degree to the political upbringing of secondary school students from the point of view of teachers, with an arithmetic average of (4.71 out of 5.00), and the obstacles identified in the codified interview were approved, where the highest obstacles were repeated are the high quorum of some teachers in classes, and the weak involvement of the teacher in training courses that help in the teacher's contribution to political upbringing The poor communication between the student's family and the school, as well as the lack of fun in some extracurricular activities provided, and the influence of some students on the external environment and friends. The phrases identified in the codified interview were also approved, where the highest suggestions were the application of the rules of conduct and perseverance in what the school sees, reducing the time of some classes from time to time and focusing on the important, as well as honoring the most followed and cooperative family, encouraging students to provide extracurricular activities, and holding them under the supervision of the student mentor, and working to involve students in volunteer work outside the school. After that, a strategy was prepared based on these results and presented to a number of arbitrators in education. The study presented a number of recommendations, the most important of which is building educational programs that are compatible with modern educational trends to prepare secondary school teachers, and setting specific standards for the curricula to ensure that they include concepts of political socialization for secondary school students high school.

  • Gamal Tawfiq Abdel Maqsoud Radwan
  • Reseived: 23/10/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 20/4/2024

It has summoned contemporary reality, especially in commercial transactions between the seller and the buyer, and has necessitated the existence of the so-called additional guarantee, which includes the determination of a period between the seller and the buyer so that the buyer can determine the validity of the sale and use it. As well as deliberation by choosing what is suitable for him, and the legitimacy of the additional guarantee has been proven by the book, the Sunnah, and reasonable, to preserve rights, achieve justice and fairness between the parties to the sale contract, and not lose those rights to their owners. The additional guarantee has been adapted to the existing forms suitable for it in Islamic jurisprudence, such as the gendarmerie guarantee and the trust guarantee, and this guarantee aims to document and confirm rights so that they are not denied or circumvented afterward, as well as so that such treatment is strictly regulated following what is prescribed in Islamic law. It may cause damage to the other party, injustice, or the loss of his right to it. One of the most important results concluded by the researcher through the study of this topic is that in the event of a defect in the sale, it must be refunded and its price or replacement taken, provided that this is within the period multiplied by him, and if that period is exceeded, the buyer's right to respond is forfeited. For this reason, the researcher recommends that the additional guarantee be documented in the contract that takes place between the parties to the contract so that this guarantee is not denied by the seller's or buyer's claim that the guarantee exists without evidence. My writing in this research was according to the inductive, deductive, descriptive, and analytical approaches because the research needs such types of approaches.

  • Dr. Adel ibn Saad Harthi
  • Reseived: 28/10//2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 20/4/2024

This study addresses the judgements regarding babies’ carriers used by people in the state of “ihram” to take their babies during ‘Nusuk’. The importance of this study lies in its relevance to people during ‘Nusuk’. Indeed, this research wasn’t previously explored and there is an increasing need to show the jurisprudential judgements towards babies’ carriers. This study aims to show the judgement concerning babies’ carriers if they are considered as knitted or not. This concerns men, boys, and women. The study also investigates the allowed state of children held in babies’ carriers during ‘Tawaf’. In this study, I adopted the descriptive approach to describe babies’ carriers. I also used the inductive approach in exploring texts and views of jurisprudents (whether they are advanced or contemporary). In addition, I used the deductive approach to explore the latest statements concerning issues’ controversy. In their judgements, contemporaries had three views; the latest of which is to judge depending on the type. I adopted the view that it is prohibited to use carriers to take babies on the chest or on the back, and its usage requires a ransom. Then, I mentioned the judgement concerning boys in the state of “ihram”, and this was not explored by previous research due to the scarcity of children carrying others during ‘Nusuk’ and to the lack of controversy among jurisprudents concerning babies committing prohibitions. Moreover, I explained the judgement concerning women in the state of “ihram”; there is no controversy among contemporaries regarding the total permit for women to use babies’ carriers during ‘Nusuk’. Furthermore, I mentioned the state of babies while being in carriers. In fact, the Kaaba must be on the left while doing “tawaf”, but there is no problem if the position is slightly altered. One of the study's recommendations is to collect and study emerging issues for children in the Sacred Mosque or being in the state of “ihram”. Indeed, this study highlights the need to raise the awareness of men in the state of “ihram” regarding the judgements towards the usage of babies’ carriers. The most important of these is the position of the carried baby during tawaf

  • Dr. Sharaf Ad-Din Hamed Al-Badawy Mohammad
  • Reseived: 4/4/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 21/4/2024

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of all worlds, and blessings and peace be upon the noblest of prophets and messengers, our Prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and all his companions. This research, titled "Al-Buraq: A Theological Study in the Light of Quranic and Prophetic Texts," explores various theological topics related to Al-Buraq, supported by authentic hadiths which must be believed. Some of these topics: the meaning of Al-Buraq in authentic hadiths, its description, the Prophet's riding on it, the wisdom behind his night journey riding Al-Buraq, topics related to the night journey (Isra'), and the strange stories that are not authentic. The research concludes with several results and recommendations, including the affirmation that Al-Buraq is a magnificent creature, dedicated by Allah to His Prophet, who traveled with it to Jerusalem accompanied by Gabriel. Faith is obligatory with all its authentic descriptions, and with everything that happened to the Prophet, may God bless him and grant him peace, related to this magnificent verse. Among the researcher's recommendations is a warning against weak and fabricated hadiths concerning the descriptions of Al-Buraq. Specialists should caution the public against circulating such narratives on social media and other platforms to prevent the dissemination of false beliefs among those unable to distinguish between authentic and unreliable sources in this regard. May Allah, the exalted, make this work sincerely dedicated to His noble countenance and bring benefit to both the author and the reader of this research. He is the All-Hearing, the Responsive.

  • Dr. Ghowaid Shabab Saleh Alghamdi
  • Reseived: 3/10/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 21/4/2024

Praise be to Allah alone, and prayers and peace be upon the messenger of Allah. This research studies the Hadith of the leader of believers (Caliph), Ali Ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, in Sahih Muslim, in mentioning the prophet's supplication ( peace be upon him), which he used to open his prayer at night with : ( I turned my face toward He who created the heavens and the earth, inclining toward truth, and l am not of those who associate others with Allah … ) From a doctrinal aspect, l mentioned in it the most important doctrinal issues that it includes, which are : belief in the existence of Allah the Almighty, proving His lordship and divinity, and establishing His names and attributes, as well as proving faith in predestination and destiny, and the guidance that Allah Almighty does not fulfill a decree except that it is Good, all good is in his hands and evil is not to him, and a statement of the infallibility of the prophets, peace be upon them. In addition to their fields according to the followers of the Sunnah.

  • Dr. Hayat Abdullah Mohamad Almutlaq
  • Reseived: 2/12/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 21/4/2024

Recently, there has been a lot of talk about the topic of servants, their rights and duties has become widespread and has become a matter of debate in our society. Because it has implications for the individual, the family and the community, the topic of insurance for the escape of servants is an important topic in this section, especially as it relates to the family. The scientific approach in this research has been to extrapolate the opinions of scholars on the matter, draw on the original sources of research, and attribute the texts and opinions of scientists to their books directly. The research aims to outline the provisions on insurance of domestic workers in jurisprudence and the system by: - To indicate what is meant by insurance for the escape of the domestic worker in Islamic jurisprudence, the rights and duties of the employer and the domestic worker, the reasons for the escape of the domestic worker and what is the treatment and the provision for insurance for the escape of the domestic worker in Islamic jurisprudence; The research has been divided into the following issues: the definition of insurance, the definition of escape, Definition of servants, definition of insurance for domestic workers, and the rights and duties of the employer and domestic servants and the reasons for the worker's escape and treatment, and the importance of insurance for the domestic service worker The research recommends holding seminars and conferences and activating lectures in schools and communities on servants' rights and duties. as well as the types of insurance and the provision of insurance on the necessary and necessary things for man to conduct doctrinal and societal studies on the causes of servants' flight and ways of addressing them and propose appropriate solutions for the existence of the right alternative in society.

  • Saleh Ali Saadi Al Manna Al-Shamrani
  • Reseived: 2/2/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 23/4/2024

The new Saudi Family Law aims to regulate the actions that govern the family relationship, with the aim of preserving family stability, as the family is considered the basic component of society. In addition, it aims to frame the relationships between family members, protect their rights, and expedite the resolution of family disputes. It also obligates documenting events related to personal status, including marriage, divorce, revocation, khul' (wife-initiated divorce), and receiving one's share of an inheritance, within the specified deadlines for that. And it requires fair compensation for the wife in case of failure to document in certain cases specified by the law. The law has granted women the right to unilaterally dissolve the marriage contract in certain circumstances, and has empowered them to document divorce and resumption of marriage even without the husband's consent. The research covered the rulings on documenting these actions in the following three sections: Section One: Documenting the Marriage Contract. Section Two: Documenting Divorce, Revocation, and Khul' (Wife-initiated Divorce). Section Three: Documenting Withdrawal Agreements from the Inheritance. It concluded with a number of key findings, the most important of which are: - The Saudi Family Law obligates both parties to the contract, the spouses or one of them, to document the marriage contract and register it with official documents to safeguard marital rights. - Neither of the spouses or anyone else can prove divorce in case one spouse denies it, except if the claimed divorce is documented in an official document. - The law obligates the husband who divorces his wife with a revocable divorce to document the resumption of marriage in accordance with the regulated procedures. - The law made it obligatory to document khul' (wife-initiated divorce), while the majority of jurists went with the view that witnessing and documenting khul' is only recommended (mustahabb), not obligatory. The research recommended the necessity of carefully documenting actions related to personal status (family matters) and raising awareness among society members about the importance of documentation through various media channels.

  • Dr. Wedad Bint Saleh Al-Qarawi
  • Reseived: 23/9/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 2/5/2024

This study explores the substantial, innovative contributions and sustained initiatives of Saudi Aramco towards the enhancement of the Arabic language and national identity. These endeavors align with the strategic objectives of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and its Vision 2030. The purpose of this study is to meticulously examine, document, and showcase these efforts within a structured descriptive design, divided into two segments: the first addresses the reinforcement of the Arabic language across eighteen thematic areas, and the second emphasizes the promotion of Arab identity both domestically and internationally through seven thematic areas. Key findings of the study show that Aramco has engaged in significant, innovative, and distinctive efforts that have profoundly strengthened the Arabic language and identity within Saudi Arabia. They also indicate that Aramco's initiatives in promoting language and identity are evident in various dimensions, notably through the establishment of educational institutions and training centers, dissemination of diverse Arabic publications, activation of Arabic scholarly research, community engagement initiatives, establishment of libraries, supporting Arabic projects, establishing Arabic broadcasting channels, celebrating the kingdom's international and historical days, implementing policies that reinforce linguistic and cultural identity, enhancement of Saudi human resources, and comprehensive support for the national economy. These initiatives have positively impacted the Saudi citizen's personality, intellect, and pride in the Arabic language and identity, and are extremely evident among the residents of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.

  • Dr. Majdi Eltayeb Elbashir Mohammed
  • Reseived: 8/11/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 14/3/2024

This paper investigates the problem of equivalence in the translating process. The researcher tries to answer the following questions. 1. What are the factors that influence equivalence in the translating process? 2. What are the problems and difficulties that encounter translators? 3. Why an exact equivalence is impossible in the field of translation? The study adopts the Descriptive Analytic Method. The researcher uses a questionnaire as a main tool in this study, and analyzes the data by using Statistical Package for the Social Science Program which is known by the abbreviation of Latin letters SPSS. The participants consisted of 30 university students who study the English language (L2) as their major subject. They study in different levels at the English Department. Their ages almost between 23 to 25 years old. All of the students speak the Arabic language as their mother tongue and English language as (L2). The study reaches the following results: 1-There is no exact equivalence between two languages in the field of translation. 2-There are some real problems and difficulties that encounter translators. 3-There are many types of equivalence that can be used to reduce the problem of translating. 4- Different cultural aspects of two languages give inexact equivalence. The study, therefore recommends the following: The translator has to possess the important helping tools in order to perform his work or duty well. The translators have always a suitable knowledge about linguistic and cultural challenges. The learners have to know all problems which surround translation process. EFL learners should study seriously all the theories and types of equivalence and techniques of translation. Modern techniques of translation must be familiar with Specialized Learners. The learners must know all phrases which concern culture.

  • Jawaher Ibrahim Abdo Zubaidi
  • Reseived: 5/5/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 2/2/2024

The current study aimed to reveal the level of Nomophobia among males and females at Holy Makkah, and to reveal the differences in Nomophobia between males and females at Holy Makkah due to the variables of gender, age and educational level. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher applied the Nomophobia Scale - prepared by Yildirim (2014), translation and codification of Al-Akoum (2017) - on a sample that consisted of (992) males and females, their ages ranged from 13 - 60 years, from all educational levels at Holy Makkah, for the year 2023 – 1444 AH. The researcher used the descriptive method. The results of the study showed that the level of Nomophobia among males and females at Holy Makkah was moderate. The results of the study resulted in the presence of statistically significant differences in Nomophobia between males and females at Holy Makkah due to the gender variable and in favor of males. The results of the study showed that there were statistically significant differences in Nomophobia between males and females in Holy Makkah due to the age variable and in favor of the age group 39-23 years. The results of the study revealed that there were no statistically significant differences in Nomophobia between males and females at Holy Makkah due to the educational level variable. In light of these results, the researcher advised a set of recommendations: The need to enlighten the society about Nomophobia and its negative effects on the individual and society, and the many problems associated with it in various aspects of psychological, academic, social and family life. And the inclusion of Nomophobia within the preventive and treatment programs to reduce the exacerbation of Its symptoms in males and females of all educational levels.

  • Dr. Waleed bin Abdul Mohsen bin Ahmed Al-Omari
  • Reseived: 29/4/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 6/11/2023

Praise be to Allah, and peace blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah and then: Surah Al-Mumtahanah included general rules and purposes, in accordance with the subject of the surah, and the circumstances of its events, and these purposes included a number of rulings related to Sharia policy, some of which were contrary to the prevailing of their general counterparts in the Holy Qur’an, and in Sharia, in general. So, these rulings were like exceptions to their origins prevailing; due to their relevance to pledge and covenants. The Qur’an which is the word of Allah, the All-Wise, the All-Aware, and His Sharia have no contradiction or disagreement; Allah Almighty says: “Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein many a contradiction” [An-Nisa': 82] Some rulings of this Surah verses are claimed to be abrogated and the others are supposed to be invalid due to their times long gone. Given that these rulings are considered divine guidance for Muslims to worship Allah – Almighty – in addition to the fact that these rulings affect contemporary Muslims’ lives, as well as the interest of reinforcement of their various implications and clarifying the truth regarding the various claims limiting their impacts on Muslims lives, indicating that these rulings are not restricted to those for whom these verses are revealed despite some scholars’ claims contradicting to this opinion; they said that these rulings shall be invalid or abrogated with the scientific consensus! The most prominent objectives of the research are as follows: - Clarifying these topics, tackling these claims, indicating the invalidity of the abrogation opinion along with consensus. - Response to those who claim that some Quran verses shall be invalid due to their times long gone. I hope to successfully tackle this topic. - Preserving the Quran against contradiction and differentiation. Indeed, it is exalted above them; indicating that limitation or restriction in some rulings are related only to such rulings and separated from the predominant opinion. The study applies the descriptive, analytical, and comparative approaches. The research concluded a number of results, the most important of which are: The close connection between the topics of the surah and its purposes. - The appearance of the features of justice in Islamic law, whether in differentiating between the enemies of God in dealings, or in the performance of their rights if some legal rulings result in the loss of those rights, and the misunderstanding of this differentiation results negatively in Muslims’ dealings with people with different religions. - Explaining the verse of the women’s examination, explaining the nature of the examination, its purpose, and the issues derived from this examination, most notably: the constancy of this ruling in similar cases with the change of time. The pledge of allegiance is a covenant that is understood in its context and is not objected to by reconvened independent rulings. Because covenants have another way, whose conditions and reasons are understood in their context, and therefore it is not correct to say that any of these conditions are abrogated, or that they are not binding. The binding character is fulfilled since the pledge of allegiance is ordained to be binding in the Sharia context, which is one of the topics honored in Sharia for the reason of realizing society’s unity and security. In conclusion, the researcher recommends objectively highlighting inferences of interpreters from the Holy Quran; editing gaps of interpretation such as claims of abrogation upon any contradiction even if weak, or claims of invalidating some Sharia texts due to their purposes and intention long gone; and seeking the reasons for impediments of terms, guiding them to a controlled scientific approach. Our intention is for the sake of Allah.

  • Dr. Fahad salem rafea alghamdi
  • Reseived: 31/10/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 27/1/2024

This research introduces important grounds in the life of individuals and societies; based on the concept of goal and relevant study in the Holy Quran through a study applied to the Debt verse. The research consists of three investigations. The first introduces goal definition, sources, and importance. The second section: Explain the reasons for choosing Ayat al-Din for study. The third introduces the core of the study grounds of goal establishment through the Debt verse; identification of the goal, its clarity, availability of measurement criteria, reality and achievability, determination of time/duration, the availability of alternatives, and progressiveness and graduality. This research concludes with results showing the importance of including the above mentioned criteria in a successful goal, and that Islam reached this point with its legislations, verdicts, and judgment

  • Nouf M Alotaibi
  • Reseived: 1/10/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 28/1/2024

The current study aimed to identify the role of university education in developing future skills from the point of view of faculty members at Shaqra University, and to discover the challenges facing University education in developing future skills from their point of view. The research adopted the descriptive and analytical approach. To achieve the objectives of the study, a questionnaire was designed, then codified and applied to a sample of (72) faculty members at Shaqra University. The results of the study concluded that university education at Shaqra University plays its role in developing future skills to a great extent. Higher thinking skills is ranked first, followed by emotional and social skills, then physical and practical skills. Also, it revealed the existence of challenges facing university education in developing future skills, including: weak requirements for developing future skills such as funding, faculty, facilities, laboratories, weak professional development programs for faculty members in the field of future skills, and the weakness of university’s participation with the private sector in the field of developing future skills.

  • Dr. Ibrahim Elagbash Elamen Abdeldafi
  • Reseived: 21/9/2023 Received in Revised Form: Accepted: 9/2/2024

This research aims to conduct a semiotic study of the title in Ghazi Al-Qusaibi's collection ("A Battle Without a Banner"), to uncover the semiotic dimensions in the collection's titles through the employment of semiotic mechanisms of the title to interrogate it, considering them as the first sign that confronts the recipient in the text. The researcher adopted a semiotic approach to achieve the research objectives. The researcher concluded that the title in Al-Qusaibi's collection represents an important introductory threshold and is a clear product of the interaction between the author and the artistic work. The form of the title serves as a building block for textual communication, giving the recipient a breadth of interpretation. The forms of the collection's titles varied between singular and compound and between whole and partial, with their sentences varying between nominal and verbal. Nominal sentences were frequently employed in titling the poems. The title of the collection broke the reader's expectations, transforming from a positive to a negative connotation. A dialectic appears between the title of the poem and the poetic introduction and between the title and the conclusion of the poem. The poet used different methods to attract the recipient; the research revealed the poet's intentionality in using the title and the title's complete association with the poetic text in most of the collection's titles. The researcher recommends a stylistic and pragmatic study of the collection to highlight more creative aspects of it.

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